Lowestoft: new freight sidings take shape

IMT J0188.34 Lowestoft D2.2



In May 2018 we were asked by Network Rail to produce an outline design for a rail freight facility at Lowestoft (our 34th railhead design project with Network Rail), to be constructed as part of a proposed remodelling and resignalling of the wider trackwork in and around the station. A number of designs were produced between May and December 2018, with the works starting on site this year (photos posted by Tim Miller @banditman59uk).

Another example of joined-up thinking by Network Rail, ensuring rail freight access to the Lowestoft area is retained against future traffic opportunities.

Newhaven: first phase of new railhead for Brett Aggregates

East Sussex, the birthplace of Intermodality back in 2002, had latterly been something of a backwater for rail freight, limited to gypsum traffic into Mountfield (Battle). To find any trace of rail freight traffic into Newhaven Port you would have to go a quarter of a century, when containers were last carried  (thanks to @Jasonic99 on Twitter for supplying the picture below):

Newhaven 1990s

In 2011 we were commissioned by Newhaven Port & Properties (NPP) to review prospects for rail freight services from the Port. We concluded at the time that “In the short term, bulk commodities are likely to offer the most promising prospects for re-establishing rail services, particularly aggregates.”

Five years later in 2016, as part of a growing workbank of small railhead schemes undertaken for Network Rail (45 separate sites to date), we were asked to draw up a layout for a quayside rail terminal, using as far as possible the original track layout from the 1990’s. A plan was produced, which became the basis for further engagement a year later with Brett Aggregates, who were planning to develop a new terminal for marine aggregates on site, along with a cement plant. We were asked by Bretts to refine the layout, produce a draft Method of Working statement, and help procure a suitable contractor to undertake the works on the Port, to interface with the first phase of works being undertaken on the adjacent Network Rail land (the area in the photo above).

Newhaven plan

Working with Bretts, Newhaven Port, train operator DB Cargo and a Network Rail team from the Freight & National Passenger Operators and South East Routes and the local Delivery Unit (DU), a plan was drawn up for the first phase. This involved recovering redundant trackwork and replacing with a new layout. The DU wasted no time in getting on site during March 2019, creating the new track layout in record time, based on our outline design drawing (compare the picture below with the 1990’s view above):

NH5The first phase of works are now complete, and await the second phase to commence later this year, ahead of the return of freight trains from the Port, to help with the supply of aggregates into London for years to come.

Newhaven March 2019 2

iPort Doncaster: start of rail services

iPort Doncaster (photo courtesy Verdion)
iPort Doncaster: a new Strategic Rail Freight Interchange for Yorkshire & Humberside. Our role, rail and terminal design, planning application support, mobilisation support (photo courtesy Verdion)

Today marks the start of rail services from iPort Doncaster, the latest Strategic Rail Freight Interchange (SRFI) to join the select group of hubs in Great Britain. Our involvement with the iPort project stretches back to 2005, when we were asked by the original developer Helioslough (now Verdion) to undertake an initial view of the site, situated adjacent to Rossington Colliery which finally closed in 2007.

Working with an expanding multi-disciplinary team, we assisted with the initial design of the on-site rail layout and intermodal terminal, culminating in a planning application submitted to Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council in 2009. A positive and holistic response by the Council led to planning consent being secured in August 2011, for construction of 562,000 square metres (6 million sq ft) of modern distribution buildings, linked to an on-site intermodal terminal.

We continued to assist with the early implementation of the project, with further refinement of the intermodal terminal layout and engagement with Network Rail on the programme of works needed to install a new main line connection.

iPort plan

Early progress with the site led to 156,000 square metres being constructed and occupied ahead of the intermodal terminal being completed in February 2018, helping build up freight activity on site ahead of the first rail services, which have now started just 7 months later. Further information is available from iPort Rail.



Double stack container trains hit the UK*

This morning saw the first ever double-stack container train to be seen in the UK, courtesy of new open-access rail freight operator Fopol Rail. The 750 metre train formed of 37 wagons can carry 74 x 40′ length containers, dramatically increasing the carrying capacity of a single train and taking a record-breaking number of lorries off the road network.

Welcoming this dramatic development for UK and European rail freight, Lila Porof, Managing Director of Fopol Rail, said:

“North America and the Indian sub-continent have already embraced the step-change in efficiency of rail freight using double-stack intermodal trains. We are therefore delighted at being first to market with launching double-stack operations in Europe, and based on our assessment of routes capable of accommodating such trains in the UK, we will be now be able to offer services on several key intermodal corridors in the coming months.”

Fopol Rail’s emerging network of W13-gauge short-line routes (subject to confirmation and minor footbridge re-engineering) is expected to include:

•  Felixstowe (to Trimley)
•  London Gateway (to Thames Haven Junction)
•  Southampton Western Docks (internal movements only)
•  Tilbury Northfleet Hope terminal (to junction with exchange sidings)
•  Boston Docks (to just outside Thorpe Culvert and almost to Sleaford)
•  Thamesport to Lower Stoke (A228 overbridge)
•  Dungeness branch (Appledore to Lydd)

Intermodality is delighted to have helped with the fabrication of this exciting new chapter in the ongoing story of rail freight.

*Spoiler alert – may contain an April Fool

HS2: all change through South Yorkshire

In 2007 Intermodality assisted client Helioslough roll out 2 new rail-linked warehouses in Sheffield at the SIRFT development, on the site of the former Tinsley marshalling yard. The buildings were subsequently let to Marks & Spencer, with ownership of the site subsequently transferring to CBRE and in turn to London Metric.

The initial route proposals by HS2 through the Sheffield area passed close to the SIRFT site, but would have enabled M&S to maintain its operations. A subsequent change in the alignment through Meadowhall, designed to avoid the Firth Rixson steelworks, introduced a major departure from HS2’s own design standards, reducing speeds from 400km/h to 190km/h, and causing the route to pass straight through the SIRFT site – which would have seen the rail-linked warehouses demolished and several hundred M&S staff made redundant.

Working with M&S and London Metric, we produced a series of alternative route options, the objective being to no only reduce the impact of HS2 on SIRFT, but also on a number of adjoining employers, including Harworth Estates (and the biggest single regeneration scheme in the area), Morrisons, Outukumpu and Sheffield Business Park. With close support from Interel and Lichfields, we assisted London Metric and Harworth to engage with local stakeholders and make the case to HS2, highlighting the scale of local impacts from construction, business disruption and relocation and employment loss, along with presenting alternative route options to minimise impacts and improve deliverability.

We are therefore pleased to note today’s recommendation by HS2 to pursue a revised alignment further to the east of Sheffield, with HS2 services able to reach the city centre direct via existing lines – a good example of positive engagement leading to positive outcomes.

Irish Rail: trials of longer trains

In 2013 Intermodality was asked by Irish Rail to carry out a review of its rail freight business which, much like British Rail’s 30 years previously, had been in decline for several years. Working closely with Irish Rail staff at all levels, we helped identify opportunities to grow the business once more. One of the key recommendations made in our 2014 report was to move towards operating longer freight trains to help improve efficiency and competitiveness.

Irish Rail set to work undertaking a series of technical studies to determine the capabilities of traction, rolling stock, track and signalling to accommodate longer trains. This has now borne fruit, with test runs of longer timber and intermodal trains, the latter increasing train length by 50% from 18 to 27 wagons, the longest ever operated on the network.

We are delighted to see Irish Rail’s freight business achieve a turnaround in traffic over the last few years, this latest development another sign of an increasingly positive, proactive approach to growing traffic and contributing to reductions in lorry traffic and emissions.

For more information on Irish Rail’s freight business, click here

Intermodality presents industry award to Morrisons

Today the Freight Transport Association (FTA) hosted its annual Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme (LCRS) conference and awards event. LCRS is a voluntary industry-led approach, led by the FTA, to reduce carbon emissions from freight transport by recording and reporting reductions in CO2 emissions.

Intermodality again formed part of the the judging panel for the 2015 LCRS awards, took part in one of the workshops at the event, and has once more sponsored one of the 5 awards, for Excellence in Modal Shift, recognising the company which has made the greatest achievement in switching freight from road to rail, inland waterway or maritime transport.

Presenting the award to Steve Gate, Transport Operations Manager for Wm Morrison Supermarkets, Intermodality Managing Director Nick Gallop said:

“This award goes to a company that is making significant use of rail. The company developed the initiative, not only because of its commitment to cost-effective logistics solutions, but also to support its Corporate Responsibility strategy to lowe emissions.

The company has worked closely with its rail service providers to make this achievement – in 2012 the company moved an average of 30 lorry loads a week by rail which in 2013 increased to 50 loads per week. And progress hasn’t stopped there – in 2014 traffic further increased to 60 loads a week, with each load saving around 950km in lorry mileage.

This is an impressive initiative and I’m therefore delighted to present the Excellence in modal shift award to Morrisons.”

European Commission: report on Combined Transport

The European Commission DG-MOVE has published a major report on the Combined Transport (intermodal) sector in Europe, the result of a year-long study by a consultancy consortium featuring KombiConsult, Intermodality, Planco and Gruppo Clas.

The report’s executive summary pulls no punches in outlining the challenges and opportunities for using intermodal and multimodal freight transport in Europe, stating:

“Whilst it is unlikely that anyone would disagree with the aims and objectives of the Transport White Paper of 2011, its hope that the performance of supply chains will be optimised and become economically attractive for shippers, remains elusive…The hope would be that, by now, CT would already be addressing the issues outlined in the White Paper, with world-class services continuing to attract customers on the basis of a major (almost dominant) share of freight traffic in Europe over road haulage.

This is very much the case with the North American CT industry, which has seen a dramatic turnaround in fortunes since the 1980’s, transforming a virtually bankrupt and dysfunctional rail sector into a key player in the overland freight market, where legislation is now focussed on limiting its scope for market dominance, rather than to try and stimulate the market to make more use of it.

The opposite applies in the EU. Here, the CT industry has been around for as long as in North America, and the liberalisation of the rail sector from the 1990’s onwards was anticipated by policy-makers to achieve a similar transformation. Twenty years have passed since “open access” liberalisation appeared, and whilst the EU’s CT industry would hopefully by now have been similarly mature and as successful as in North America, it instead appears at times to remain in adolescence and, at worse, at risk of heading for obsolescence.

At present, CT has achieved a market share equivalent to 12% of total road freight, and 9% of all surface freight. To set this further in context, rail freight has a 22% share of the combined volume of road and rail freight – almost half the share achieved in North America.

This is then the fundamental challenge facing CT: most policy-makers wish to see it play a much greater role in addressing the freight-related issues of transport in the EU; many end users would like to see it become much more commercially attractive; but relatively few customers actually use it, and often without any great enthusiasm…

There is no doubt that CT should be capable of significant growth in the years ahead. The extent to which the various CT stakeholders and actors can realise this growth will be conditioned by various factors, most of which relate to current challenges, which can be grouped into the following broad categories:

  • Service providers that still fail to recognise, adopt or improve on the performance benchmarks, or continuous innovation, established by the road haulage industry. Unreliable, unpredictable, inflexible, slow and expensive services, which by their very nature introduce extra risks associated with multiple transport modes and interchanges between them, is unlikely to attract, retain and grow the customer base to any great extent in the face of a road haulage industry which remains agile, aggressive and responsive in spite of its own set of challenges;
  • Failure of rail industry liberalisation to achieve the intended full separation of track from trains, with the breakup of former state-controlled monopolies. A large part of the rail and intermodal freight industry is now controlled by DB / Schenker and SNCF / Geodis, state-funded transport conglomerates each much larger and dominant than before the liberalisation process started, and both seemingly intent on preventing any further liberalisation of the rail industry;
  • Much of the EU’s rail and inland waterway networks are not capable of handling the type of CT traffic which operators and users would like to carry on it…Securing planning consent for new CT terminals may take years due to ponderous national planning processes, compounded by local “environmental” protestors. Solutions are available but funding is constrained and lead times may be extended;
  • The lack of electronic ICT infrastructure…In such a modern ICT-driven world, it is wholly unacceptable for some CT services to still involve the manual re-keying of data between modes and operators, based on hand-delivered or faxed documentation, or for end users to find it challenging to obtain real-time information on services, rates or even the location of their load units. Road haulage is moving forward in this area, the CT sector needs to as well;
  • Commercial and public policy towards use of CT can only ever be as good as the data it relies on. This study has highlighted the very poor quality and depth of data on freight moved by CT services, which at present prevents any forensic analysis of existing activity, or the opportunities to enhance and expand that activity.”

In terms of the 1992 Directive on Combined Transport, the report notes:

“…Some parts of the CT Directive have inevitably been overtaken by wider events, outside and within the CT sector, creating a need to revise or remove parts of the text accordingly. Other parts of the CT Directive have, as will often occur with legislation applied individually in multiple Member States, either not been transposed at all, or only in part, or been subject to various interpretations which, in some cases, may actually depart from the original objectives. This creates a greater administrative burden for CT operators and users managing services across multiple Member States (and in some third countries as well), where the rules at each end may be very differently interpreted and applied.

Yet, the CT Directive still retains a relevant role to play in establishing (or reaffirming) core principles in support of CT, whether with long-established or recent-accession Member States. There is no question that the CT Directive (possibly in an updated form) should be retained as part of the wider promotion of CT within EU transport policy. The majority of stakeholders agree with the need for the CT Directive in supporting CT, as well as the need for it to adapt and improve to support CT in future.

The key lesson learnt here is the need to achieve a delicate balance between, on the one hand, imposing a rigid pan-European “one size fits all” Directive, and on the other, a profusion of different interpretations of the CT Directive which then hinder its overall objectives…harmonising the application of the key provisions of the CT Directive across MS may be material to achieving further breakthroughs in making CT a more mainstream offer.”

In conclusion, the report sets out a way forward for the CT sector:

“…This report sets out a CT sector capable of making a major contribution to commercial and public policy objectives in the coming years. The European Commission has a critical role to play in co-ordinating investment in TEN-T and other cross-border initiatives that will over time suitably enhance the CT infrastructure networks. Alongside this, the CT Directive (with scope for updating and refinement) remains an important and relevant piece of legislation for promoting CT at Member State level. Member States then have a valuable role to play in implementing and enhancing the provisions of the CT Directive and related EU / national policies in support of CT.

Yet all the above measures will count for nothing without radical and real change within the CT sector itself which, in return for continuing to receive scarce public resources (and end user goodwill) on which to build the business, needs to adopt the practices and standards of logistics service providers. The CT sector should then build on these benchmarks, as far as possible, to evolve to a point where (as in North America) support is no longer necessary.

The White Paper concludes that a transformation of the European transport system will only be possible through a combination of manifold initiatives at all levels. For this study and its appraisal of the CT sector, we concur with this conclusion.”

A copy of the report can be found here.

Second rail freight pilot into Central London

Following yesterday’s presentation on express freight to the 22nd Rail Freight Group conference, Intermodality matched words with action by sponsoring last night’s test train by Colas Rail for TNT Express from Rugby to Euston.

TNT delivered cages of products for customers Staples and Bristan into Colas Rail’s Rugby depot, taking only 20 minutes to transfer from road to rail. The train left Rugby to cover the 82 miles direct to Euston station, arriving on time at 02:38. Filmed by camera crews from ITV and TNT, within an hour the cages were transhipped from train into a fleet of waiting TNT electric and low-emission trucks and vans, the road and rail vehicles being clear of the station by 03:49.

Nick Gallop, Director of Intermodality, congratulated TNT, Colas Rail and Network Rail on another successful demonstration of rail’s potential for high-speed, low-carbon deliveries into the heart of towns and cities:

“This trial has more than ever laid to rest the myths about rail freight and urban logistics – the overnight train ran to time, achieved a faster transit than by road, used an otherwise deserted main line station as a freight interchange, and significantly reduced emissions in the process. I am delighted that our sponsorship helped make it happen, reflecting our commitment to raise awareness and promote further innovation in the rail freight sector.”

Intermodality presents industry award to Tesco

Today the Freight Transport Association (FTA) hosted its annual Logistics Carbon Reduction Scheme (LCRS) conference and awards event. LCRS is a voluntary industry-led approach, led by the FTA, to reduce carbon emissions from freight transport by recording and reporting reductions in CO2 emissions.

Intermodality formed part of the the judging panel for the 2013 LCRS awards and this year was invited by FTA to sponsor one of the 5 awards – the award for Breakthrough in Modal Shift, recognising the company which has made the greatest achievement in switching freight from road to rail, inland waterway or maritime transport.

Presenting the award to Caroline Sindrey, Group Distribution Environmental Manager for Tesco, Intermodality Managing Director Nick Gallop said:

“I am pleased to be here today to present the Breakthrough in Modal Shift award, sponsored by Intermodality.

This Awards goes to a company that is making significant use of rail transport. Working closely with rail service providers and suppliers, and having a dedicated rail account manager, has enabled this company to operate five trains running six days a week. Fifty per cent of product is delivered from its rail-linked national grocery distribution centre in Daventry, to other regional distribution centres and stores. This takes significant mileage off the road network, saving carbon emissions.

There are also steps for the company to move goods by short-sea shipping. By transporting goods from Poland direct to Teeside, this completely removes the need for road transport in the UK for these products. Trains and short-sea journeys have therefore saved over 5.5 million road miles. This is an impressive case of modal shift to reduce carbon emissions and I’m delighted to present this award to Tesco.”